Dao EVTech

What is LFP Battery? Why it is needed in India?

LFP Battery

Lithium iron phosphate battery (LiFePO4 battery) or LFP battery (lithium ferro phosphate), is a type of lithium-ion battery using LiFePO4 as the cathode material (on a battery this is the positive side), and a graphitic carbon electrode with a metallic backing as the anode.

LFP Battery


LFP batteries offer many advantages over the NMC batteries traditionally used in Electric Two-wheelers.

LFP Battery Advantages:

  • High-temperature resistance: Efficient heat dissipation for better thermal stability. Ideal for the hot tropical conditions in India.
  • Long life span: LFP cells have a life span of up to 3000 cycles or up to 5 years.
  • Fast charge: LFP is a fast battery charging solution to suit the requirements of users in the Indian market.
  • Vibration resistant: The innovative design withstands vibrations so as to reduce wear and tear and prolong the battery life.

LFP – Ideal Battery for Indian conditions:

Given India’s tropical weather conditions, it is imperative for the battery pack to offer high temperature resistance.

LFP Batteries for Indian Climate
LFP batteries are well suited for hot climates, because — unlike cobalt-based batteries—they are not hazardous at high temperatures. In such environments, not just the energy output but the chemistry and the safe operating temperature range are also very important.

Why Should We Use LFP Batteries?

1. Durability and performance:

The efficiency of a LiFePO4 battery is very high and can range between 93 and 98%. Lithium iron phosphate battery storage systems can be charged and discharged around 5000 times.

2. Environmental compatibility:

Lithium iron phosphate batteries are one of the few cobalt-free lithium-ion batteries. They also do not contain other toxic heavy metals like lead and nickel which are commonly used in other batteries. Lithium iron phosphate, in contrast, is a substance that is in its chemical composition a naturally occurring mineral. Lithium iron phosphate-based batteries are considered to be safe, not toxic, and of low environmental impact.

3. Safe Battery Technology:

LFP battery storage systems have superior thermal and chemical stability than those based on cell technologies made with other cathode materials. They provide better safety characteristics, especially concerning potential fire hazards caused by improper overcharging or short circuit conditions.


A report published by Wood Mackenzie states that lithium-iron-phosphate (LFP) is poised to overtake lithium-manganese-cobalt-oxide (NMC) as the dominant stationary storage chemistry within the decade.

From today’s perspective, lithium iron phosphate-based batteries are one of the safest battery technologies, Because of their low cost, low toxicity, well-defined performance, long-term stability, etc.

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